Landward Research Ltd is consultancy which identifies and delivers ways to strengthen the skills, competencies and capabilities of individuals, organisations and communities.

Our work focuses on measuring, building and evaluating capacity development through:

  • the delivery of labour market intelligence research (to measure capacity and contextualise needs); we also undertake broader social and economic research that contributes to this area,
  • the development and delivery of e-learning and video training resources (to build capacity and skills), and
  • the monitoring and evaluation of educational programmes (to evaluate capacity development).

We are a not-for-distributable profit social enterprise with a commitment to social and environmental responsibility. Any profits are reinvested in the company or invested in social and environmental causes. No profits are distributed to shareholders or other investors.

We have specialised in work with the heritage and environmental sectors, and we particularly seek to work in areas where the market fails to provide opportunities for human capacity development.

Landward Research Ltd has offices or staff in Sheffield, Edinburgh, London, New Mexico and Nepal from which we seek to build global project partnerships.

Landward Research Ltd – training needs assessment with a results-based approach


Company Capacity


  • Social and Economic Research
  • Labour Market Intelligence
  • Skills Needs Assessment
  • Training Needs Assessment
  • Market Research

Training Development and Delivery

  • Designing training course content
  • Matching learning materials to occupational standards
  • Developing e-learning module courseware
  • Developing organisational training plans
  • Authoring targeted development materials
  • Mentoring

Project Development and Management

  • Project management – PRINCE2® accredited
  • Financial management
  • Project definition
  • Bid writing (applications for funding)
  • Reporting to funders
  • Quality assurance
  • Risk assessment and management
  • Coordination and supervision of public administration capacity-building programmes
  • Consortium building

Monitoring and Evaluation

  • In-project monitoring of targets met and resources expended
  • LogFRAME assessment
  • External and post-project evaluation of achievements
  • Project proposal assessment

Specialist Areas of Expertise

  • Professional cultural heritage sectors
  • Environmental economics and sustainable development
  • Working with internationally funded organisations
  • Enterprise and entrepreneurship
  • Ethics and governance
  • Environmental economics and sustainable development
  • The work of professional associations and civil society organisations
  • Employability 
  • SME development


  • Video recording and editing
  • Conference organisation
  • Publication management
  • Editing
  • Design
  • Public speaking and lecturing
  • Facilitating discussions
    • Labour Market Intelligence. The company is recognised internationally as being the leading provider of labour market intelligence for the heritage sector, having undertaken surveys (and presented analytical results) of the professional archaeology sector in the United Kingdom on a quinquennial cycle, every five years from 1997-98 to 2012-13, and then coordinating two pan-European projects (Discovering the Archaeologists of Europe) in 2007-08 and 2012-13, involving up to 23 partners. We have also undertaken comparable work for the artefact conservation profession in the UK. We are well equipped to deliver comparable surveys in other defined sectoral or geographical areas, adapting our survey methodology according to the context of the work. Our Executive Director, Kenneth Aitchison, was awarded his PhD in 2011 for exactly this work. and our Labour Market Intelligence methodologies can also be adapted to function at a single-organisation scale in order to undertake Skills Needs Assessment exercises, or to undertake other forms of in-country social research.
    • E-learning development and delivery, where the company has extensive experience of designing training course content, matching learning materials to occupational standards, authoring targeted development materials, developing e-learning modules and delivering these through Learning Management Systems. We have undertaken such work for a wide range of UK and European clients, including on several projects supported by the European Commission. We also work with a wide range of subject matter experts who we can bring in to projects as necessary.
    • Video Production, where the company has developed a service to record, edit and present Vocational Education and Training events or activities and conference proceedings. The company has delivered this on a national and European stage, and can provide this service anywhere in the world.
    • Monitoring and Evaluation. We have experience of undertaking monitoring and evaluation of major skills development and training projects, for clients that operate internationally, including the British Council. The company’s Executive Director has been formally trained in this area by the Capacity Africa Training Institute.
    • Project Management. We have experience of managing projects, ranging in scale from micro- to macro-; the largest projects we have managed have been multi-annual activities involving up to 23 internationally distributed partners. We have experience of managing budgets of up to six figures (in UK pounds and Euro). The company’s Executive Director, Kenneth Aitchison, is a formally accredited PRINCE2® Practitioner, and the company uses PRINCE2® methodology on all of its projects.



A new survey on job losses in archaeology, gathering data for April 2011, has now gone live and FAME members and IfA Registered Organisations are being asked to complete it here.


Job Losses in Archaeology

A new report on job losses and employment within UK commercial archaeology has been produced by Landward Research Ltd. The report, which is on the situation as it was in July 2010, has been published by the Institute for Archaeologists. Download it here Job Losses in Archaeology July 2010.

The number of people in archaeological employment increased markedly over the three months from April to June 2010, with at least one employer finding it difficult to recruit fieldworkers, but simultaneously business confidence in maintaining this growth declined considerably.

It is estimated that 6498 people were working in professional archaeology on 1st July 2010, an increase of 265 (4.3%) on the figure for 1st April 2010. 3669 of these individuals were working in commercial, applied archaeology, an increase of 7.8% on the figure for 1 April 2010. This figure is 9.1% below the August 2007 peak.

The proportion of businesses that expected to be able to maintain their current staff numbers fell in  comparison with three months previously, with the proportion of businesses that expected market conditions to deteriorate  rising significantly.

Unlike at the start of 2010, most businesses now expect conditions to be worse in the next year than better. The overwhelming majority of respondents expect some archaeological practices to cease trading in the next twelve months.

Even though some employers found it difficult to recruit fieldworkers, for the fifth quarter in succession the skills needed to conduct and contribute to invasive field investigation were reported as being those that were most frequently being lost.

Job Losses in Archaeology – Octo...

Co-edited by the Executive Director of Landward Research Ltd, Archaeology and the Global Economic Crisis: multiple impacts, possible solutions, is a review of how the current economic situation is impacting upon archaeological funding, employment and practice across the world.

Archaeology and the crisis cover image

The volume is free to download- 2010 Archaeology and the Crisis

Archaeology and the Global Economic Cr...